TOEFL IBT Writing Section: Question types and answering tips

June 20, 2014

The TOEFL IBT Writing Section consists of 2 parts: the integrated writing and the independent writing. In the integrated writing, you are given a reading passage and a lecture. Your task is to summarize the lecture and connect it to the reading passage. Do not include your opinion in the integrated writing. On the other hand, in the independent writing, you can write your own opinion in a topic given in the question.

The structure of the integrated essay is as follows:

  1. Introduction: topic statement –> It consists of 2 things: 1) About what (you can get it from the reading passage), and 2) The relation between the reading passage and the lecture.
  2. Body: Point 1, Point 2, Point3, and so on. Explain every point in a separate paragraph. To write the body, focus on the lecture, and connect it to the reading.

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TOEFL IBT Speaking Section: Question types and answering tips

June 20, 2014

The TOEFL IBT Speaking Section consists of 6 questions as follows:

Q1. Personal opinion; Here you are asked to give your personal opinion on a familiar topic.

Q2. Personal preference; Here you are asked to give your preference between two choices on a familiar topic.

Answer template for Q1 and Q2:

1. In my view / In my opinion, ……(give your answer)…..

2. Give some descriptions if needed

3. Give your reasons or details –> Give 2 reasons/details: Reason/detail 1, Reason/detail 2

4. Concluding sentence Read the rest of this entry »


Question Types in TOEFL IBT Listening Section

June 20, 2014

The followings are some question types in the TOEFL IBT Listening Section:

1. Purpose; Such a question asks you the purpose of the conversation

2. Detail; Here you are asked about a specific information

3. Details (multiple answers); Here you are to choose 2 out of 4, or alternatively 3 out of 5 or 6.

4. Inference; Such a question asks you to draw a conclusion based on the conversation or lecture

5. Pragmatics; Here the narrator may ask you like this: “Listen again to part of the conversation … Why does the main say this …?”

6. Main idea; The question maybe like this: “What is the lecture mainly about?”

7. Organization; The question maybe like this: “How does the professor organize the lecture?” Read the rest of this entry »


Question Types in TOEFL IBT Reading Section

June 19, 2014

The followings are some question types in the TOEFL IBT Reading Section:

1. True or false; For example: The following is true …

2. Vocabulary; The question may ask you a synonim or the closest in meaning

3. Term; For example: Which of the following best explains the term …

4. Inference; For example: It maybe concluded …

5. Purpose; For example: Why does the author mention …

6. Paraphrase; For example: Which of the sentences best expresses the highlighted statement?

7. Detail; Such a question asks you specific information Read the rest of this entry »


Academic vocabulary starting with U, V, and W

January 12, 2014

ubiquitous (adj): existing or being present everywhere, especially at the same time; omnipresent

ulterior (adj): situated beyond or outside

undercut (v): to cut away the underpart of

undermine (v): to weaken

underrate (v): to undervalue

underreport (v): to report as less or fewer than is correct. Example: to underreport the enemy’s strength.

underscore (v): 1. underline. 2. emphasize

— underscore (n): underline

undertake (v): 1. to promise to accomplish. 2. to accept as a challenge

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Academic vocabulary starting with T

January 12, 2014

tacit (adj): understood without question

taciturn (adj): untalkative

tactless (adj): lacking of fitting; not appropriate; rude

tailor (v): to adjust to a specific need

— tailor (n): a person whose occupation is the making, mending, or altering of clothes

tamper (v): to interfere unwantedly

tangential (adj): digressing; of superficial relevance if any

tangible (adj): real; actual; perceptible by touch

tarnish (v): to lessen or destroy the brightness of; to make dirty or discolored

— tarnished (adj): lost brightness

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Academic vocabulary starting with S

January 12, 2014

sagacious (adj): having sound judgment; wise

— sagacity (n)

salient (adj): prominent; having a quality that thrusts itself into attention

salutary (adj): beneficial, particularly for health

sanctimony (adj): hypocritical religious devotion

— sanctimonious (adj)

sanctity (n): holiness

sanction (n): approval

— sanction (v): to approve authoritatively

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