Academic vocabulary starting with S

sagacious (adj): having sound judgment; wise

— sagacity (n)

salient (adj): prominent; having a quality that thrusts itself into attention

salutary (adj): beneficial, particularly for health

sanctimony (adj): hypocritical religious devotion

— sanctimonious (adj)

sanctity (n): holiness

sanction (n): approval

— sanction (v): to approve authoritatively

sanguine (adj): confidently optimistic and cheerful

sanity (n): health of mind

— sane (adj)

savant (n): a genius; person of great learning

savor (v): to enjoy flavor; to perceive by taste or smell

scent (n): pleasant smell

— scent (v): cause to smell pleasant; to apply perfume to

scrutable (adj): capable of being understood by careful study or investigation

scrutinize (v): to examine carefully

secede (v): to withdraw from union or association, especially from a political or religious body

— secession (n)

secrecy (n): concealment

— secretive (adj): having a tendency to conceal

sociable (adj): inclined to seek company; friendly and pleasant

sedulous (adj): diligent; persistent

sermon (n): a speech, usually religious in nature, given by a priest, preacher, rabbi, or other religious leader as part of a service

shirk (v): to avoid; to avoid dealing with

shortcoming (n): deficiency; weakness

snare (v): to trap

— snare (n): trap

soar (v): to fly high

solemn (adj): characterized by dignified or serious formality

solicitous (adj): full of anxiety and concern. Example: solicitous about a person’s health.

sophisticate (v): make more complex, make less simple; make less natural

sophistry (n): reasoning sound in appearance only, especially when designed deceptive

sophomore (n): second-year student

— sophomoric (adj): 1. pertaining to sophomore. 2.intellectually pretentious, overconfident, conceited, etc., but immature: sophomoric questions.

sordid (adj): immoral; unethical

specious (adj): seemingly true but really false; deceiving

spurious (adj): intended to deceive; counterfeit; not genuine

stagnate (v): 1. stand still. 2. cause to stagnate

— stagnant (adj): standing still; not growing or changing

statuary (n): a group of statues

— statuary (adj): pertaining to statues

sterling (adj): highest in quality; thoroughly excellent

stipulate (v): to give a guarantee or promise of. Example: They stipulated to release all the prisoners.

stratum (n): a layer of something, either abstract (such as social) or physical

stringency (n): strictness

— stringent (adj): strict. Example: stringent regulations; stringent requirements

studious (adj): having or showing to the acquisition of knowledge

stupendous (adj): marvelous; having prodigious size, degree, or quality

subdue (v): bring under control; to defeat

subjection (n): 1. the act of subjecting. 2. conquering; conquest

subjugate (v): to conquer

sublime (v): change or cause to change directly from a solid into a vapor without first melting

sublime (adj): of high moral or intellectual value; elevated in nature or style

submission (n): a yielding to the power or authority of another; surrendering power to another

subsist (v): to be maintained or sustained

— subsistence (n): sustenance

substantiate (v): to prove the truth of; to give support to

subtle (adj): not obvious

subvert (v): to cause ruin or destruction

superimpose (v): to put on top; to lay one thing on top of another

superintend (v): to watch, oversee, and direct

— superintendence (n)

supersede (v): to take place of; to displace

supplicate (v): to beg; to ask humbly and earnestly

— supplicant (adj): asking humbly and earnestly

surcharge (n): additional charge

surfeit (n): excessive amount; the state of being overabundant

surmount (v): to do something successfully by exceeding the expectations

surrogate (n): one who or that which is substituted for or appointed to act in place of another

susceptible (adj): liable. Example: susceptible to colds

suspense (n): uncertainty; uncertain cognitive state

supplant (v): to take the place of (another)

sycophant (n): person who flatters to the rich; a person who tries to please someone in order to gain a personal advantage

sympathetic (adj): expressing sympathy

 

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